To prevent problems in cats that are sensitive to bladder problems, the following is recommended:
let the cat drink a lot. Place multiple water bowls and make sure they are refreshed often or make it extra attractive, for example, by using water fountains. Preferably give the cat canned food, possibly even made with water.
Place multiple litter trays (place open and closed trays).
Diet: Sometimes, diets that acidify urine are beneficial for the cat, sometimes not! Tinned food is often more useful for bladder patients than dry food.
Pheromones (odorants) that have a reassuring effect on a cat can significantly reduce stress. Allow them to evaporate into the environment where the cat is most comfortable. They can help prevent conflict and anxiety in cat(s).
In particular, give males extra GAGs to improve the quality of the bladder mucosa. Not all GAGs have a beneficial effect on the bladder mucosa. The best-fitting product seems to be Cystease, which consists of N-acetyl glucosamine.
Once the problems have started, the following are also important:
Ask the vet which painkillers are suitable for a cat before giving them!
Relaxing the bladder reduces pain and pressure.